Visa is an essential document for someone to enter a country. Its function as “entry tickets” for foreigners. Submission of visa is adjusted to the purpose and the reason of someone visiting a country. Whether it is for vacation, works, education, or other purpose.
According to Article 1 number 18 Regulation Number 6 of 2011 about Immigration, Indonesia Visa is defined as “Written Statement that given by the authorized official in the Representative of Republic Indonesia or elsewhere that appointed by Republic Indonesia that containing approval for foreigners to travel to Indonesia and as a basis for granting a visit permit.”
If there are foreigners who do not have a visa, Indonesian Immigration Officials may refuse the foreigners to enter Indonesian teritory under Article 12 of the Immigration Act.
Types of Visas based on Article 34 of Immigration Act are divided into four namely;
1. Diplomatic Visa
This kind of visa is given to foreigners holders of diplomatic passports and other passports to enter to fulfill diplomatic jobs.
According to explanation of Article 35, diplomatic visa is also can be given to that foreigners family based on International Agreements, Reciprocity, and Tribute. Providing of this visa is the authority of the Minister of Foreign Affairs issued by foreign service officials in the Representative of Republic Indonesia.
2. Duty Visa
This kind of visa is given to foreigners holders of official passports and other passports who will travel to Indonesia for fulfilling non-diplomatic official duties from the relevant foreign government of International Organization.
Duty Visa is also can be given to that foreigners family based on International Agreements, Reciprocity Principal, and Tribute in order to non-diplomatic official duties.
3. Visit Visa
This kind of visa is given to foreigners who will do Governmental Duties Visit, Education, Socio-cultural, Tourism, Business, Family, Journalistic, or stop over to continue travelling to other countries.
Visit visa is regulated in the Regulation of Minister of Law and Human Rights number 24 of 2016 that has been amended by Regulation of Minister of Law and Human Rights Number 51 of 2016 about Technical Procedures for Application and Granting of Visit Visa and Limited Stay Visa. Under this regulations, a visit visa consists of three kind of visa that are, a one-trip visit visa, multiple trip visit visa, and visa on arrival.
A One-trip visit visa and Multiple trip visit visa are given to foreigners to stay in Indonesia for maximum 60 days, while Visa on Arrival is given to foreigners to stay in Indonesia for maximum 30 Days.
4. Limited Stay Visa
This kind of visa is given to foreigners who work as preachers, experts, workers, researchers, student, investors, elderly, and the family, and foreigners who are legally married to an Indonesian, who will travel to Indonesia and stay for a limited period.
Besides, this kind of visa is also can be given to foreigners who work on ship, floating equipments, or installation that operating in the territorial waters of archipelago, territorial seas, continental shelf and/or Indonesia’s Exclusive Economics Zone.
Limited Stay Visa are granted for maximum period of two years, one year, six months, 90 days or 30 days. The difference of the period is adjusted to the purpose of the foreigners visiting Indonesia.
Author : Anggi Caesar/ Zarra Nur