How to Get Indonesian Citizenship?
Getting Indonesian citizenship is not as difficult as we think when you understand the steps.
Getting citizenship in a country you’re not born in is considered a difficult thing to do. However, if you really understand the requirements and know how to get Indonesian citizenship, you will know that it is really feasible.
Before you apply for the Indonesia citizenship, make sure you have met these requirements:
- You have resided in Indonesia for at least 5 consecutive years or 10 consecutive years by the time you apply for the Indonesian citizenship
- You are at least 18 years old, or if you are under 18 years old, you have to be married
- You are mentally and physically healthy
- You never commit to any crime that makes you being prisoned for 1 year or more
- You don’t have any other citizenship because Indonesia doesn’t admit a dual citizenship. So, if you are registered as a citizen of any other nationality, you need to prepare yourself to release your former citizenship.
- You are able to speak Bahasa Indonesia/Indonesian language
- You acknowledge Pancasila and Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Year 1945
- You have a fixed income, or you are employed to a job
- You agree to pay the citizenship fee
If you are getting married to an Indonesian, you just have to qualify for the requirements number 2, 5, and 9. After you meet all of those requirements, you can prepare the documents to get your Indonesian citizenship. What are the documents that you must prepare? Here they are:
- The legalized photocopy of the birth certificate which has been translated into Indonesian
- Pictures of the passport of the applicant
- Photocopy of SKTT or KTP OA that have been legalized
- Legalized photocopy of the marriage certificate/marriage book
- A letter from the Immigration office stating that you have stayed for 5 consecutive years or 10 non-consecutive years in Indonesia
- The Police Certificate of Good Conduct (SKCK) from the police region office (POLDA)
- The letter from the applicant’s country embassy stating that the applicant will release its former citizenship after gaining Indonesian citizenship
- A written statement from the applicant stating that the applicant will be loyal to the Republic of Indonesia, Pancasila, and Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia year 1945.
You can send all those documents to the Indonesia Ministry of Law and Human Rights (Kementerian Hukum dan Hak Asasi Manusia). The application must be written in Indonesian language.
After sending the application, you must wait for about 3 months. The president would decide whether your application is accepted or not. If you are accepted as the Indonesian citizen, you must be sworn.
The Determination of Indonesia Nationality Law
Indonesia nationality law is basically based on the ius sanguinis or determining the nationality by blood. However, Indonesia also applies restricted ius soli (determining nationality by the place where a person was born) based on the Law No. 12 the Year 2006 regarding citizenship.
Ius soli in Indonesia applied for these reasons:
- If a baby was born in Indonesia, but the parents cannot be found
- If the parents don’t have any citizenship
- If the parents’ citizenship application has been accepted, but the parents die before being sworn
Those are some requirements and steps that you need to know on how to get Indonesian citizenship. If you really pay attention to the requirements and never did any serious crime, your application would be easily accepted.
Reference: Labor law in Indonesia